History of Gilmanton
Written by: Daniel Lancaster
 Published in 1845 
NameRankWages & travelAdv'ce pay't.Wages Due
Nahaniel Wilson, Capt.26L, 8s., 0d.0L,00s.,0d.26L,8s.,0d.
Samuel Ladd,Lieut.      19L, 1s., 6d.0L,00s.,0d.       19L,1s.,6d.
Winthrop Smart,Ensign.14L, 8s., 0d0L,00s., 0d.14L,8s.,0d.

Sergeants.
Elisha Hutchinson,11L,19s.,3d.4L,10s.,0d.7L, 9s.,3d.
Peter Gilman,""""""
John Clark,     """"""
Ezekiel Flanders,  """"""

Corporals.
Dudley Gilman,11L,11s., 1d., 1-24L,10s., 0d.  7L,1s.,1d.,1-2
Andrew Jacobs,""""""Benjamin Stevens,   """"""  
Daniel Dudley,  """"""

Privates.
Nathaniel Webster,11L,3s.,0d.4L, 10s.,6L, 13s.,
Jeremiah Richardson,   """"   ""
John Fox,  """"    ""
Solomon Kenniston,     """"    ""
Simon Clough,""""    ""
Nathaniel Kimball,  """"    ""
Robert Tibbetts,      """"    ""
Jethro Bachelder,   """"    ""
Edward Gilman,      """"    ""
John Tucker,    """"    ""
Samuel Fifield,""""    ""
Elisha Swett,    """"    ""
Joseph Roberts    """"     ""
Jacob Chamberlain, """"    ""
Joseph Flanders,    """"    ""
Jesse Lougee, """"    ""
Benjamin W. Dean, """"    ""
Joseph Nelson,""""    ""
Winthrop Durgin,      """"    ""
David Jacobs,   """"   "" 
John Avery,""""    ""
Paul Tasker,      """"    ""
Benjamin Emerson,"  """   ""
Charles Randlett,     """"    ""

35 men.421L, 11s.,0d.144L,0s.,0d.277L,10s., 0d.

They were out 2 months and 1 day, from the 18th of July to the 22d of September, 1777; their distance of travel, 160 miles; their pay 3d. per mile. June 9, 1778, Lieut. S. Ladd gave Joseph Badger, Esq., an order on Col. Thomas Stickney for what was due when the service, under his command, which now exists, and is in the hands of G.W. Nesmith, Esq., Franklin.

Commissary's Certificate.

This may certify, that Capt. Wilson drew no provisions for himself or his subalterns, and but one pound and a quarter of beef, and one pound of bread or flour per man, per day, while at Charlestown, for his company. 

[Signed]Elijah Grout, Comm'y.
Sept. 15, 1777.A true Copy

State of New Hampshire:
Rockingham, ss.Agreeable to orders, from Colonel
Stickney. A Return of the Soldiers that I have
enlisted to serve for the Parish of Loudon in the
Continental Army, from the 12th day of this 
Instant three months, is as follows, Namely:
Timothy Batchelder, Dudley Swain, Moses Danford, Enoch Bagley, and Levi Shaw of Gilmanton, and Anthony Potter, of Concord. ~ A true Return. 
Loudon, July 17, 1777.
Josiah Tilton, Captain.



Many of the officers besides Gen. Stark and some of the soldiers in this battle, formerly belonged to Rogers' Rangers. It is a fact worth of notice, that while these men made powerful allies for the British cause in the French War, they became terrible foes to the Crown in the war of the Revolution. Nearly every captain and probably all the higher officers, who from New Hampshire, engaged in the Revolutionary service, were from these companies of Rangers; and it was from the fact of their having been trained up in such a school, and having been inured to hardships and accustomed to the Indian mode of warfare, that they exhibited such coolness, bravery and valor, and gained such credit in the engagements at Bunker Hill, Bennington and elsewhere. The New Hampshire troops led on by the choice spirits of the Rangers, never faltered in the privations of the camp, or amidst the dangers of the battle-field. Nor would they lay down their arms till their Independence was achieved, and their country's freedom secured.
At the annual town meeting, March 9th, (1780) the highway tax was raised to L24 on the single head or poll, and a day's work fixed at L12 for a man and the same for oxen. A supply of beef for the Continental Army, was called for during the summer. On the third of July, the town met and authorized the Selectmen to provide the beef and to pay for the same in corn. It was voted also, that five bushels of corn shall be paid to each soldier per month, who goes into this present campaign, over and above what the State gives.

May 10, The Proprietors voted that lots No. 4 and 6, in the eighth range, except 5 acres at the Wears, reserved for a mill privilege, be sold, and the money obtained for them be laid out for building Gilmanton's part of the bridge over the river at the Wears, so far as needed, and the remainder, if any, be laid out in clearing the main road from said bridge to the first Parish, and the Ebenezer Smith be the agent to sell said lots, and that the mill privilege be given to the people in that part of the town forever. Voted, that the 13th lot in the 7th range of 100 acres, and the 10th lot in the 13th range of 100 acres, be hereby given and granted for the use of the ministry forever.

The 19th of May, was remarkable for its uncommon darkness, and its appearance and effects were not unlike those described in other portions of New England. The morning was cloudy, and between 10 and 11 o'clock darkness came on. All was wrapped in gloom! Fowls went to roost, and the cattle collected round the barn-yards, as at the approach of night. Lights were necessary at dinner and through the afternoon. The night following the darkness was so intense, that the sky could not be distinguished from the ground, and those who were from home, though well acquainted with the roads, could not without extreme difficulty find their own dwellings. This has been call by way of distinction the dark day.

Ebenezer Smith, Esq., Joseph Badger, Esq. and Col. Anipas Gilman, were appointed to lay out the common land yet left un-surveyed, and on the 6th of December, the Proprietors met again and voted to accept the report of the Committee to lay out the last division of lots. This division was drawn, and Moses Nichols by appointment, held the lots and drew for the Proprietors.  The settlers of this year were Samuel Elkins, Edward Fifield, John Swett, Josiah Robinson, Jeremiah Smith, Abriham Sanborn, Charles Rundlett, and Benjamin French. Stephen Gale came the day before the dark day.

The number of deaths this year was 7; one man aged 85, another 75, and a young man 20 years old died in the Army.