Diseases of the Past

This list is probably not complete. If you know of some we missed, please e-mail us.

 

Name

What was it?

Ablepsy Blindness
Ague Malarial Fever
American plague Yellow fever
Anasarca General massive edema
Aphonia Laryngitis
Aphtha Infant disease "thrush"
Apoplexy Paralysis from stroke
Asphycsia/Asphicsia Cyanotic ( lack of oxygen )
Atrophy Wasting away
Bad Blood Syphilis
Bilious fever Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or high temperature and bile emesis
Biliousness Jaundice from liver disease
Black plague or death Bubonic plague
Black fever Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions, high mortality rate
Black pox Black Small pox
Black vomit Vomiting ood black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater fever Dark urine with high temperature
Bladder in throat Diphtheria (Seen on death certificates)
Blood poisoning Bacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody flux Bloody stools
Bloody sweat Sweating sickness
Bone shave Sciatica
Brain fever Meningitis
Breakbone Dengue fever
Bright's disease Chronic inflammatory disease of kidneys
Bronze John Yellow fever
Bule Boil, tumor or swelling
Cachexy Malnutrition
Cacogastric Upset stomach
Cacospysy Irregular pulse
Caduceus Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp fever Typhus or Camp diarrhea
Canine madness Rabies, hydrophobia
Canker Ulceration of mouth or lips or herpes simplex
Catalepsy Seizures or trances
Catarrhal Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
Cerebritis Inflammation of cerebrum or lead poisoning
Chilblain Swelling of extremities from exposure to cold
Child bed fever Infection following child birth
Chin cough Whooping cough
Chlorosis Iron deficiency anemia
Cholera Acute, severe, contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera morbus Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc. Could be appendicitis
Cholecystitus Inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis Gall stones
Chorea Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
Cold plague Ague characterized by chills
Colic An abdominal pain and cramping
Congestive chills Malaria
Consumption Tuberculosis
Congestion Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive chills Malaria with diarrhea
Congestive fever Malaria
Corruption Infection
Coryza A cold
Costiveness Constipation
Cramp colic Appendicitis
Crop sickness Overextended stomach
Croup Laryngitis, diphtheria, or strep throat
Cyanosis Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
Cynanche Diseases of throat
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Day fever Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
Debility Lack of movement, staying in bed
Decrepitude Feebleness from old age
Delirium tremens Hallucinations due to alcoholism
Dengue Infectious fever endemic to East Africa
Dentition Cutting of teeth
Deplumation Tumor of the eyelids causing hair loss
Diary fever A fever that lasts one day
Diptheria Contagious disease of the throat
Distemper Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat, anorexia
Dock fever Yellow fever
Dropsy Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease
Dropsy of the Brain Encephalitis
Dry Bellyache Lead poisoning
Dyscrasy An abnormal body condition
Dysentery Inflammation of colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Dysorexy Reduced appetite
Dyspepsia Indigestion and heartburn. Heart attack symptoms
Dysury Difficulty in urination
Eclampsy Symptoms of epilepsy, convulsions during labor
Ecstasy A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
Edema Nephrosis; swelling of tissues
Edema of lungs Congestive heart failure, a form of dropsy
Eel thing Erysipelas
Elephantiasis A form of leprosy
Encephalitis Swelling of brain or sleeping sickness
Enteric fever Typhoid fever
Enterocolitis Inflammation of the intestines
Enteritis Inflations of the bowels
Epitaxis Nose bleed
Erysipelas Contagious skin disease, from Streptococci with vesicular and bulbous lesions
Extravasted blood Rupture of a blood vessel
Falling sickness Epilepsy
Fatty Liver Cirrhosis of liver
Fits Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity
Flux An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
Flux of humour Circulation
French pox Syphilis
Gathering A collection of pus
Glandular fever Mononucleosis
Great pox Syphilis
Green fever / sickness Anemia
Grippe/grip Influenza like symptoms
Grocer's itch Skin disease caused by mites in sugar or flour
Heart sickness Condition caused by loss of salt from body
Heat stroke Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature. Coma and death result if not reversed
King's evil Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
Hectical complaint Recurrent fever
Hematemesis Vomiting blood
Hematuria Bloody urine
Hemiplegy Paralysis of one side of body
Hip gout Osteomylitis
Horrors Delirium tremens
Hydrocephalus Enlarged head, water on the brain
Hydropericardium Heart dropsy
Hydrophobia Rabies
Hydrothroax Dropsy in chest
Hypertrophic Enlargement of organ, like the heart
Impetigo Contagious skin disease with by pustules
Inanition Physical condition resulting from lack of food
Infantile paralysis Polio
Intestinal colic Abdominal pain from improper diet
Jail fever Typhus
Jaundice Condition caused by blockage of intestines
Kruchhusten Whooping cough
Lagrippe Influenza
Lockjaw Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw. Untreated, it is fatal in 8 days
Long sickness Tuberculosis
Lues disease Syphilis
Lues venera Venereal disease
Lumbago Back pain
Lung fever Pneumonia
Lung sickness Tuberculosis
Lying in Time of delivery of infant
Malignant sore throat Diphtheria
Mania Insanity
Marasmus Progressive wasting away of body, like malnutrition
Membranous Croup Diphtheria
Meningitis Inflations of brain or spinal cord
Metritis Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge
Miasma Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air
Milk fever Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis
Milk leg Post partum thrombophlebitis
Milk sickness Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds
Mormal Gangrene
Morphew Scurvy blisters on the body
Mortification Gangrene of necrotic tissue
Myelitis Inflammation of the spine
Myocarditis Inflammation of heart muscles
Necrosis Mortification of bones or tissue
Nephrosis Kidney degeneration
Nepritis Inflammation of kidneys
Nervous prostration Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities
Neuralgia Described as discomfort, such as "Headache" was neuralgia in head
Nostalgia Homesickness
Palsy Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles.
Paroxysm Convulsion
Pemphigus Skin disease with watery blisters
Pericarditis Inflammation of heart
Peripneumonia Inflammation of lungs
Peritonotis Inflammation of abdominal area
Petechial Fever Fever with skin spotting
Puerperal exhaustion Death from child birth
Phthiriasis Lice infestation
Phthisis Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis
Plague An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate
Pleurisy Any pain in the chest area with each breath
Podagra Gout
Poliomyelitis PolioPotter's asthma
Pott's disease Tuberculosis of spine
Puerperal exhaustion Death from childbirth
Puerperal fever Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant
Puking fever Milk sickness
Putrid fever Diphtheria.
Quinsy Tonsillitis.
Remitting fever Malaria
Rheumatism Any disorder associated with pain in joints
Rickets Disease of skeletal system
Rose cold Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy
Rotanny fever Children's disease
Rubeola German measles
Sanguineous crust Scab
Scarlatina Scarlet fever
Scarlet fever A disease with a red rash
Scarlet rash Roseola
Sciatica Rheumatism in the hips
Scirrhus Cancerous tumors
Scotomy Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight
Scrivener's palsy Writer's cramp
Screws Rheumatism
Scrofula Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands. Progresses slowly with abscesses and pistulas developing. Usually occurs in the young.
Scrumpox Skin disease, impetigo
Scurvy Lack of vitamin C. Symptoms of weakness, spongy gums, hemmoraging under skin.
Septicemia Blood poisoning Shakes
Shaking Chills, ague
Shingles Viral disease with skin blisters
Ship fever Typhus
Siriasis Inflammation of the brain from exposure to the sun
Sloes Milk sickness
Small pox Contagious disease with fever and blisters
Softening of brain Result of stroke or hemorrhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area
Sore throat distemper Diphtheria or quinsy
Spanish influenza Epidemic influenza
Spasms Sudden involuntary contraction of muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion
Spina bifida Deformity of spine
Spotted fever Either typhus or meningitis
Sprue Tropical disease with intestinal disorders and sore throat
St. Anthony's fire Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas are bright red in appearance
St. Vitas dance Ceaseless occurrence of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntary
Stomatitis Inflammation of the mouth
Stranger's fever Yellow fever
Strangery Rupture
Sudor anglicus Sweating sickness
Summer complaint Diarrhea, usually in infants caused by spoiled milk
Sunstroke Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat. Lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause
Swamp sickness Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
Sweating sickness Infectious and fatal disease common to UK in 15th century
Tetanus Infectious fever with high fever, headache and dizziness
Thrombosis Blood clot inside blood vessel Thrush
Tick fever Rocky mountain spotted fever
Toxemia of pregnancy Eclampsia
Trench mouth Painful ulcers found along gum line, Caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene
Tussis convulsiva Whooping cough
Typhus Infectious fever with high fever, headache, and dizziness
Variola Smallpox
Venesection Bleeding
Viper's dance St. Vitus Dance
Water on brain Enlarged head
White swelling Tuberculosis of the bone
Winter fever Pneumonia
Womb fever Infection of the uterus.
Worm fit Convulsions associated with teething, worms, high temperature or diarrhea
Yellowjacket Yellow fever.